All About Disability Insurance Coverage

Along with the evolution of human civilization, aided by scientific discoveries and technological innovations, insurance service providers have also broadened their scope. In such, they have already introduced different types of insurance policies including the disability insurance coverage. This insurance coverage has become an important part of any working person’s plans.

If you have interest in seeking answer to what kind of insurance coverage you have for disability, you can find it on this blog post by a team of experts. You’ll learn whether all companies must offer disability coverage, the diversity of policies from various industries and what that means for you as an employee or potential employee in another industry.
Conditions for Disability Leave.

First, let’s go through some background information. Under the Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA), a working employee is entitled to up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave each year to care for a serious medical condition that makes the employee unable or unwilling to work.

Additionally, employers are required by law to provide up to 12 weeks of unpaid family leave annually for certain specified events, like pregnancy or childbirth and adoption/legal guardianship. Federal law also requires that employers with 50 or more employees provide sick leave and paid vacation leave.

If you’re an employee based in New York City, you may be eligible for additional protected leave; but only if you meet certain conditions under the New York City Department of Law’s “New Yorkers With Disabilities Act. “

Disability insurance, on the other hand, is a type of insurance policy that pays the policyholder when they are unable to work due to a medical condition.

This can be due to an accident or illness, but it’s also available for some long term disabilities. Some policies may have time limits on them depending on the employer or your individual circumstances.

Types of Disability Insurance Coverage

There are two main types of disability coverage: Short-term disability and long-term disability. You can purchase each as a stand-alone plan or included in your employee health plan.

Short-Term Disability Plans cover you either partially or wholly while you’re off work because of your injury or health condition. Payouts range from 50-70%, and can last for anywhere from 1 month to 2 years.

The most common short-term disability plan pays 60% of your base salary, with a cap of $50,000. Some policies pay limited amounts for partial days off work, as low as 3 days or as many as 14, depending on the amount of coverage and the policy.

Individual insurance companies like Aflac, who specialize in workers’ compensation and disability insurance, offer Short-Term Disability.

Long Term Disability (LTD) insurance is available only if you have Short Term Disability insurance coverage through your employer. If your Short-Term plan isn’t enough to cover all of your income, you can still be eligible for additional benefits through an LTD policy.

It’s similar to its shorter counterpart, but it lasts indefinitely. It also provides higher payouts. Most policies pay 60% of your pre-disability income with a lifetime maximum benefit of $1 million.

However, some policies go as high as 75-80% depending on the type of coverage and whether you work in a risky profession like law enforcement or construction.

Benefits for Specific Industries
Your employer may offer disability coverage that is specific to their industry or the nature of their business. The three most common types of disability insurance are: Employer’s long-term disability (EMPLTDA), Workmen’s Compensation (WCB) coverage, Employer’s Life Insurance (ELI).

Employer’s long-term disability (EMPLTDA) coverage is a type of long-term disability insurance that covers the loss of earnings you would have received throughout your entire employment by your employer. It’s available for employers that do not offer Short Term or LTD coverage, but also for employers with a very large workforce.

EMPLTDA policies will cover all employees at one time, but if one employee leaves employment and has it taken away from him or her, others who were covered will be able to purchase it afterward.

Workmen’s Compensation (WCB) coverage provides financial compensation to employees who get injured on the job and can’t return to work. It can help employees recover from surgery, get a prosthesis or pay for medical bills. Depending on the employer, it also provides compensation for temporary partial disability until the employee can return to work.

Employer’s Life Insurance (ELI) will cover you after your death by paying a specified amount to your designated beneficiary(s). It’s an additional benefit in addition to Short-Term Disability and Long-Term Disability coverage. It’s available only through employers with at least 50 employees.

What are the Benefits of Disability Coverage?

Disability insurance can be a valuable asset that is important to protect you against financial hardship if you cannot work due to an injury or illness that prevents you from performing your duties at work.

A disability policy can provide monetary compensation to you and your family. It’s under the condition that you cannot work for an extended period of time. It may also cover rehabilitation costs that don’t fall under your individual health insurance plan. In addition, some of the benefits of disability policies include:

  • Disability insurance payments will continue even if you quit your job.
  • Disability payments will not affect your Social Security or other federal income benefits.
  • Likewise, disability payments may also provide access to health and vision care and some higher-cost medical procedures. Such procedures include bariatric surgery or a joint replacement.
  • Your coverage may also allow you to take a leave of absence without penalty; so you can get the help you need.

How much does disability insurance cost?

disability insurance coverage

Disability insurance coverage is bought and paid for through an employer’s group plan instead of through individual applications. So, most policies are set at a flat rate instead of calculated by taking into account your work history, occupation or other factors.

How do You Sign Up for Disability Coverage?

Employees who have interests in adding disability coverage to their benefits should contact their employer’s human resources department or other appropriate department depending on your company’s organizational structure.

Each company is different, therefore, the process will vary. But every employer will be glad to help you set up with a plan that works for you.

Financial experts and personal finance gurus strongly recommend disability coverage as a way to make sure you get protection if you meet with an accident or illness that leaves you unable to work.


If you’re experiencing a disability, or know of someone who is, it’s important to understand your rights and the benefits of disability insurance. Disability insurance coverage can help provide you and your family with financial security if an accident or other unforeseen event that prevents you from performing your job duties.

FAQs about disability insurance coverage:

1. What is disability insurance ?

Disability insurance is the insurance that helps pay your income if you can’t work due to an injury or illness. Some cover the loss of income only while you get injuries. While others cover partial loss of income and other claims.

2. Is disability insurance coverage affordable?

The cost will vary based on the type of policy if you’re part of an employer’s health plan, how much coverage you want and other factors. It might also depend on your age; older people are generally more expensive than younger people due to increased health risks but generally still affordable.

3. How do I qualify for disability benefits?

You must qualify for benefits, whether it’s social security or through a private plan.

4. What types of disability insurance plans are available?

There are more than one type of plan. But the most common is short term, long term, employer provided and workman’s compensation. Each have their own pros and cons and coverage options.

5. What is short term disability insurance coverage?

Short term disability insurance coverage helps pay your income while you’re off work because of an injury or illness that prevents you from performing your job duties at work. It can last from 1 month to 2 years (depending on your policy).